“There are more hackers breeding every day, and more brilliant minds are turning into hackers. Security has advanced, but so have hackers.” – Michael Demon Calce
People today are becoming more and more vigilant and aware of implementing robust cybersecurity techniques. The number one threat to cybersecurity is – hacking. As and when softwares are updated with stronger security protocols, hackers keep finding new ways to invade them. Let’s learn more about hackers today and how they function.
According to Cisco, a hacker is a person who breaks into a computer system. The reasons can be many, some of them are as follow; installing malware, stealing or destroying data, disrupting service, etc. Did you know that hacking can also be done for ethical reasons such as trying to find software vulnerabilities to mitigate them? To distinguish between them, lets learn about the 6 different categories of hackers. Depending on the type of hacking they perform, each type of hacker is assigned hats that are colour coded for ease of identification.
The following are the 6 Hat Hackers:
- White Hat Hacker
- Black Hat Hacker
- Grey Hat Hacker
- Red Hat Hacker
- Blue Hat Hacker
- Green Hat Hacker
The biggest misconception people have is that hacking and hackers are bad and always have malicious intentions, that however is not true. Each hat colour denotes the kind of hacking it represents, if it falls under the good or bad category and what level of danger the hacking can impose on its victim.
White Hat Hacker
Starting on a good note, White Hat Hackers are not all bad. But who are White Hat Hackers? These hackers are specifically called ‘ethical hackers’. They identify Black Hat cybersecurity threats in the system (the black sheep of the lot), keep an agile watch and prevent Black Hat Hackers from penetrating devices with damaging malware.
Businesses appoint these professionals to maintain high-level security across their systems and devices. White Hat Hackers identify bugs in systems and suggest preventive methods to subside questionable activities from third-party users.
Black Hat Hacker
What is a Black Hat Hacker? Black Hat Hackers are those kinds of hackers everyone must watch out for. Their modus operandi is to acquire high amounts of money by injecting malware that disables IT systems. The only way to eliminate the malware from the system is by paying a huge amount of money. Black Hat Hackers also gain cash by stealing personal data and selling it to the dark web. White Hat Hackers are appointed to mitigate risks created by Black Hat Hackers. Black Hat Hackers are exceptionally skilled at constantly coming up with innovative ways to hack devices and systems.
Grey Hat Hacker
A Grey Hat Hacker stands right in the middle of White Hat Hackers and Black Hat Hackers. Grey Hat Hackers fall right in between good hacking and bad hacking with the motive to explore various methods of hacking. They usually don’t intend to harm anyone.
Few Grey Hat Hackers hack a system just for ‘point-proving’ purposes, to demonstrate how unsafe and vulnerable the system is. Grey Hat Hackers resort to hacking just for the thrill of it. There have been many real-life examples of how Grey Hat Hackers invaded public IT systems simply to notify people about the vulnerability of their systems.
One such example would be from way back in 2014, when a Grey Hat Hacker hacked into ASUS Routers and accessed them just to generate awareness about how susceptible the routers are to cyber-attacks.
Red Hat Hacker
Sharing similarities with Grey Hat Hackers, Red Hat Hackers too fall in between White Hat Hackers and Black Hat Hackers. Red Hat Hackers are not essentially evil people, they act as hacker police as in Red Hat Hackers counterattack Black Hat Hackers. Hackers of this category do not prevent Black Hat Hackers from attacking but when the latter launch cyber-attacks, Red Hat Hackers launch counterattacks on them to paralyze their system as a befitting reply. Red Hat Hackers align themselves with White Hat Hackers since they are somewhat similar, but their methods with Black Hat cybersecurity are poles apart.
Blue Hat Hackers
Blue Hat Hackers are branched into two different categories:
- Hackers who are vengeful
- Hackers who work as outside professionals for organizations.
A) Few Blue Hat Hackers hack devices/ systems purely to seek revenge. Their main motive is not to earn money or attain fame. Such hackers launch cyber-attacks on the targeted person’s system and once this gives them a chance to access the opposite victim’s device, they can post inappropriate information, personal data, resort to mental harassment and much more.
B) The other type of Blue Hat Hackers are often invited by organizations to check their software before they deploy it. They are not hired by the company per se but are just present for a short period to test the company’s software systems. Such hackers deliberately attack the software to identify loopholes in the system and once identified, they deploy or suggest security measures to protect the system from further attacks.
Green Hat Hacker
Green Hat Hackers are the rookies in the hacking field. These hackers are still not completely well versed with the techniques but yet pose a threat to cybersecurity. Green Hat Hackers do not intentionally wish to cause harm but may end up being harmful in the process of honing their skills. Green Hat Hackers generally target small companies who sometimes do not have strongly secured software hence making their hack/s successful.
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